New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards . This article abides by terms of the Creative Commons CC-by-sa License (CC-by-sa), which may be used and disseminated with proper attribution. Credit is due under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation. To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here:
Benzoic acid occurs naturally as do its esters in many plant and animal species. Appreciable amounts have been found in most berries (around %). Ripe fruits of several Vaccinium species (., cranberry , V. vitis macrocarpon ; bilberry , V. myrtillus ) contain as much as –% free benzoic acid. Benzoic acid is also formed in apples after infection with the fungus Nectria galligena . Among animals, benzoic acid has been identified primarily in omnivorous or phytophageous species, ., in viscera and muscles of the rock ptarmigan ( Lagopus muta ) as well as in gland secretions of male muskoxen ( Ovibos moschatus ) or Asian bull elephants ( Elephas maximus ).